How does Poor Diet leads to Obesity?

Obesity is common problem in countries such as the United States and India, and continues to increase among adults and children. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 72 percent of U.S. men and 64 percent of U.S. women are overweight or obese, and about one-third of U.S. adults are classified as obese.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, defines obesity as having a body mass index, or BMI, of 30 or above. You can determine your BMI by multiplying your body weight, in pounds, by the number 703; then dividing that number by the square of your height in inches.

Causes of Obesity

  • Unhealthy eating habits.
  • Poor diet.
  • Lack of physical activity.

Ways to Reduce Your Risk for Obesity

  • Reduce the amount of high-fat meats you consume; replace high-fat meats with lean meat, un-breaded fish or poultry, seafood, egg whites or meatless soy products.
  • Increase your intake of fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes.
  • Avoid consuming fast food and fried foods.
  • Reduce your intake of sugar, sweets, sugary drinks and salt.
  • Replace refined grains such as white bread, white rice and regular pasta with whole grains, brown rice, oatmeal or whole-wheat pasta.
  • Drink water instead of soda, juice and sugary drinks.


Harmful Effects of a Poor Diet

  • Overweight and obesity.
  • Increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Increased risk for heart disease, which is one of the leading causes of death in the United States.
  • Greater chance of developing certain types of cancers.
  • Increased risk for high blood pressure, especially if you consume high amounts of sodium.

Ways to Lose Weight

  • The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics reports that consuming a low-carbohydrate diet can help you reduce your total calorie intake, body weight and body fat. Carbohydrates are present in sugary drinks, sugars, sweets, syrups, breads, cereals, rice, pasta, starchy vegetables such as corn, peas and potatoes, fruits and legumes.
  • Exercising regularly can also help you achieve and maintain a healthy body weight. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends adults participate in at least 2.5 hours of moderate-level physical activity each week plus muscle-strengthening activities at least two times per week, and children participate in at least 1 hour of physical activity each day including muscle-strengthening activities at least three times each week.
  • Encourage children to engage in physical activities they enjoy such as outdoor sports, swimming, jogging or playing football.


U.S. Department of Agriculturehttp://www.cnpp.usda.gov/publications/dietaryguidelines/2010/policydoc/policydoc.pdf

Centers for Disease Control and Preventionhttp://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/adult_bmi/index.html

U.S. Department of Health and Human Serviceshttp://www.health.gov/paguidelines/guidelines/summary.aspx

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