Obesity

Bariatric Weight Loss Surgery Options

With a consistent routine of exercise and diet, weight loss can be achieved. Natural methods result in minor weight loss over a longer period of time whereas surgical weight loss has a quicker and relatively more successful rate; both in terms of amount of weight lost and long term maintenance. However, doctors do not suggest surgery options to everyone. This article focuses on different types of surgery options for weight loss which may improve a person’s quality of life.

Bariatric surgery involves banding the stomach to reduce food volume or removing part of the stomach.

Procedures:

Lap Band Surgery:

In this surgery, a lap band is belted around the upper part of the stomach. This band is designed to limit the volume of food ingested giving the person the feeling of fullness sooner. The band is versatile and may be adjusted according to the needs of the individual. Lap band surgery is very effective and less invasive than other surgical options. Side effects of this surgery are pain in the abdomen, vomiting, nausea and heartburn.

Gastric Bypass:

A person who is experiencing severe health problems such as diabetes, heart disease or sleep apnea can opt for this surgery. In this surgery, the surgeon creates a small stomach pouch to curb total food intake which may involve stapling a portion of the stomach and bypasses the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine.

The bypass connects the stomach directly to the lower segment of the small intestine decreasing the absorption of food. The surgery is done laparoscopically or open. Side effects of this surgery are bone pain, dumping syndrome flatulence and nutritional deficiencies.

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy:

In this surgery, 85% of the stomach is drastically reduced, resembling a sleeve or tube, to the point where it can hold very little food.  An abrupt reduction of appetite is noticed.

There are many other risks associated with these weight loss surgery options such as blood clots, bleeding, infection and bowel obstruction. But the benefits of weight loss surgery options are such that they make people overlook the risk factors. Please consult a qualified physician to discuss which option best suites your need.

References

Consumer Guide to Bariatric Surgery; http://www.yourbariatricsurgeryguide.com/intro/
MedLine Plus; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/weightlosssurgery.html

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