Obesity

Obesity- Weight Loss Surgery

People who are obese have foundthat weight loss surgery has become a very common procedure for them. In order to overcome obesity and its related ailments, weight loss surgical options such as gastric bypass surgery and lap band surgery are increasing medical procedure options. Eating the right food and performing physical activities daily helps in controlling weight for most people but some of the population is not as successful.

People who weigh 100 pounds more than their ideal weight, these surgery options maybe a goodavenue for them to lose weight quickly before obesity exacerbates a morbid ailment. Before opting only for surgery, one should be patient and try healthy weight loss programs involving reducing calories and increasing exercise as well as some nutritional counseling.

Obesity- Weight Loss Surgery

It is advisable to research about the pros and cons of each and every weight loss surgery. It has been observed that there are major and minor complications in bariatric weight loss surgery. If you are opting for bariatric surgery, then you must consult the surgeon about the effectiveness and complications of this surgery.

Limiting food or altering the digestion process are the main objectives of weight loss surgery.Most common weight loss surgery options for obese people are lap band surgery and gastric bypass surgery.

Lap Band Surgery

  • In order to limit the size of the stomach, lap band surgery uses an adjustable silicone gastric band.
  • It is placed in the upper portion of the stomach which creates a smaller stomach pouch.
  • In this way, the patient’s stomach holds less food.
  • The band contains saline solution for ease of adjustability.
  • This procedure is conducted by laparoscopy that is minimally invasive, adjustable and reversible. There will be no stapling site in the lap band surgery.
  • There may be certain complications in this surgery such as frequent vomiting, internal infections, nutritional deficiencies and band slippage.
  • This procedure is less at risk for nutritional and mineral deficiencies.

Gastric Bypass Surgery

  • Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and extensive gastric bypass are the two types of gastric bypass surgery. Both surgeries involve creation of a small stomach bypassing sections of the small intestine.
  • These surgeries are also done under minimum invasive laparoscopic techniques.
  • In roux-en-Y surgery involves stapling a major portion of the stomach creating a small upper pouch. After the surgery, a person feels full even after consuming a small amount of food.
  • Part of the small intestine will be connected (bypass) to this small pouch. Food will enter is small pouch and through the new attachment of the small intestine.
  • Because of this new system, fewer calories will be absorbed.
  • The small intestine is adjusted in the pouch for reducing nutrient assimilation. The lower part of the stomach is removed permanently in the extensive gastric bypass surgery.
  • Pouch stretching, leakage of stomach contents, infection, bowel obstruction and nutritional deficiencies are some of the complications of gastric bypass surgery.

After weight loss surgery the patient has to maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly in order to keep the weigh off. Otherwise, there are chances of regaining any lost weight.

References

www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007199.htm

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