How to Treat Obesity?
To treat the condition of obesity, there are a range of therapies available which include bariatric surgery, weight loss drug therapy, behavior therapy and diet and exercise. Several factors are considered in assessing the specific type or a combination of treatments suitable to treat the condition of obesity. The factors include mobility, patient health history and the extent of the patient’s obesity. Also, the ability of the patient to follow dietary and other behavioral guidelines diligently is observed. Read on to know more about how to treat obesity in adults.
According to report issued by the National Institutes of Health Expert Panel on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults, the following recommendations are offered for treating obesity and associated diseases.
Weight Loss to Enhance Health
This is necessary to lower heightened blood glucose levels, cholesterol and blood pressure in obese or overweight persons. The primary objective of this weight loss therapy is to minimize body weight by 10%. If necessary, further weight loss can be achieved. For a period of 6 months, weight loss should be a consistent 1-2 pounds every week.
Calorie Deficit Required in Losing Weight
Low calorie diet (LCD) can create a reduction of 500-1000 kcal/day. This should be followed to reduce the weight by 1-2 pounds per week. Carbohydrates and fat in the diet should also be reduced, to promote weight loss and good nutrition.
Exercise to Help in Managing Weight
In a comprehensive weight control program and weight loss therapy, there is a need for physical activity. This is because exercise:
- Helps in maintaining weight loss
- Increases cardio-respiratory fitness level
- Decreases abdominal fat
- Reduces weight modestly in obese and overweight adults
Implement Behavior Therapy
Behavior therapy is an important tool when treating lifestyle causes of obesity. This works in a perfect tandem with a combination of increased physical activity and reduced calorie diet.