Dangerous Risks of Bariatric Surgery
Weight loss surgeries, also called bariatric surgeries, often change your digestive system and limits the intake of food but, one added advantage is that it helps you lose weight and lowers the risk of medical problems related to obesity. There are many risks of bariatric surgery and gastric bypass is the most common surgery that is performed in the United States. This surgery has few complications. This surgery can give long-term weight loss if you eat healthy food and exercise regularly. As with other surgeries, there are even risks of bariatric surgery like infections, reactions and bleeding. Some of the complications are:
- Low blood sugar
- Kidney stones
- Intolerance to some foods
- Hernia at the incision site
- Bleeding ulcers in the stomach
- Mineral and vitamin deficiency
Serious Risks of Bariatric Surgeries
Here are some of the other serious risks of bariatric surgeries:
Blood clot may occur in people who are overweight and they can be very dangerous. They even travel to lungs and cause pulmonary embolism, which is serious condition that can damage the lungs resulting in death.
You can observe leaking at the staple lines in the stomach, which is often treated with antibiotics. The leak can be serious and may need emergency surgery.
Excessive weight can place extra stress on the chest cavity and the lungs especially. It creates an increase in developing pneumonia after the bariatric surgery.
Narrowing of the stomach and intestinal opening, which is a rare complication. This may require a procedure where a tube is passed through the mouth to widen or dilate the narrowed opening.
This surgery can cause dumping syndrome and is a condition where the stomach contents move very quickly through the small intestines, which results in vomiting, dizziness, sweating and diarrhoea.
Long term Bariatric Surgery Complications
Some of the complications are:
- Ulcer formation at the intestinal attachment to the upper part of the stomach. Ulcers develop in those people who take drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory or aspirin after the surgery.
- Weakness at the incision site or hernia, where it has to be repaired. Hernias occur rarely in laparoscopic surgeries.
- Another rare complication is stricture or narrowing at the opening between the stomach and the intestines.
- Dehydration can be another complication because after the weight reduction surgery, the patient may not be able to drink large quantities of water.
- After this bariatric surgery, the body does not absorb some of the vitamins and minerals. You need not worry for this because your surgeon will tell which vitamins and minerals you need to take for avoiding this complications. It can cause frequent diarrhea and fails to absorb iron and calcium.
Other Long Term Complications
Some of the other common complications are:
- Neurologic problems due to vitamin B12 deficiency.
- Anemia due to iron deficiency.
- Bone diseases due to vitamin D or mineral deficiency.
- Stone formation in kidneys due to imbalances in the absorption of oxalate and calcium.
- Relationship problems.
- Dry skin.
- Changes in mood.
- Hair loss and thinning of hair.
- Feeling tired.
- Body aches.
Now, as you have come to know the complications of bariatric surgery, all you can do is prevent these complications by talking to your doctor about the possible outcome of the surgery to avoid them and reduce weight without any complications.