Obesity

Cure for Morbid Obesity

Obesity has become a major concern in the United States. Morbid obesity is a term that describes a condition of being very obese. People who have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or more are defined as morbidly obese by the Obesity Action Coalition. Very obese people may have trouble walking and breathing, and the condition may result in stroke, respiratory problems, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and increased risk of certain types of cancer.

Cure for Morbid Obesity

There are three main steps for treating morbid obesity. They are:

Step 1

  • Change your regular dietary pattern.
  • Changing your eating habits plays a vital role in weight loss and falls under behavior modification.
  • The Obesity Action Coalition explains that a change in dietary patterns requires a strong commitment to lifestyle changes.
  • Mayo Clinic explains that losing one to two pounds per week is the safest way to keep off obesity.
  • Fill up on foods like vegetables and fruits to reduce caloric intake.
  • Before you begin with any new diet plan, consult your doctor to ensure safety.

Step 2

  • Start an exercise program after first consulting your health care provider.
  • According to the Mayo Clinic and the Obesity Action Coalition, it takes commitment and dedication to adopt a lifestyle that includes physical activity.
  • Aerobic exercise is one of the best ways to lose body fat.
  • To lose weight, you need to engage in moderate to vigorous exercise at least 150 minutes each week.

Step 3

  • If diet and exercise aren’t enough, talk to your doctor about bariatric surgery.

What happens in a gastric bypass or a bariatric surgery?

The morbidly obese have been treated by gastric bypass or bariatric surgery for over 30 years. In this procedure, the stomach is stapled to leave only a very small sac.  There are both advantages and disadvantages to this procedure. The advantage is that the person is able to get back his normal weight and new body, but if the patient doesn’t properly follow the post-surgery diet, their stomach will stretch and they may return to their old weight. Bariatric surgery may also cause malabsorption of certain vitamins and minerals, so you will likely be instructed to take a multi-vitamin. As with any surgery, there are also risks that include blood clots, internal bleeding and intestinal obstruction.

References

Bariatric Surgery for Severe Obesity; Weight-control Information Network;
http://win.niddk.nih.gov/publications/gastric.htm

Obesity: MayoClinic.com; http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/obesity/DS00314

Weight-loss Options; Obesity Action Coalition; http://www.obesityaction.org/weightlossoptions/overview.php

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